Kvicksilver

80
Hg
Grupp
12
Period
6
Block
d
Protoner
Electrons
Neutroner
80
80
121
Generella Egenskaper
Atomnummer
80
Atommassa
200,59
Mass Number
201
Kategori
Övergångsmetaller
Färg
Silver
Radioaktiv
Nej
From the Latin word hydrargyrum meaning liquid silver
Kristallstruktur
Enkelt trigonal
Historia
Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese and Indians and has been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to about 1500 BC.

Alchemists thought of mercury as the First Matter from which all metals were formed.

They believed that different metals could be produced by varying the quality and quantity of sulfur contained within the mercury.
Elektroner per skal
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Elektronkonfiguration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
Hg
Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature
Fysikaliska Egenskaper
Aggregationstillstånd
Flytande
Densitet
13,5336 g/cm3
Smältpunkt
234,32 K | -38,83 °C | -37,89 °F
Kokpunkt
630,15 K | 357 °C | 674,6 °F
Smältvärme
2,29 kJ/mol
Ångbildningsvärme
59,2 kJ/mol
Specifik värmekapacitet
0,14 J/g·K
Abundance in Earth's crust
6,7×10-6%
Abundance in Universe
1×10-7%
Element
Bildkrediter: Wikimedia Commons (Bionerd)
Element mercury in liquid form
CAS Number
7439-97-6
PubChem CID Number
23931
Atomära Egenskaper
Atomradie
151 pm
Kovalent radie
132 pm
Elektronegativitet
2,00 (Paulingskalan)
Jonisationspotential
10,4375 eV
Molvolym
14,82 cm3/mol
Värmeledningsförmåga
0,0834 W/cm·K
Oxidationstillstånd
1, 2, 4
Applications
Mercury is used in barometers and manometers because of its high density.

Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps and some 'neon sign' type advertising signs and fluorescent lamps.

Mercury is also found in liquid mirror telescopes.

Gaseous mercury is also found in some electron tubes, including ignitrons, thyratrons, and mercury arc rectifiers.
Mercury and most of its compounds are highly toxic
Isotoper
Stabila isotoper
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg
Instabila isotoper
171Hg, 172Hg, 173Hg, 174Hg, 175Hg, 176Hg, 177Hg, 178Hg, 179Hg, 180Hg, 181Hg, 182Hg, 183Hg, 184Hg, 185Hg, 186Hg, 187Hg, 188Hg, 189Hg, 190Hg, 191Hg, 192Hg, 193Hg, 194Hg, 195Hg, 197Hg, 203Hg, 205Hg, 206Hg, 207Hg, 208Hg, 209Hg, 210Hg