Silver

47
Ag
Grupp
11
Period
5
Block
d
Protoner
Elektroner
Neutroner
47
47
61
Generella Egenskaper
Atomnummer
47
Atommassa
107,8682
Masstal
108
Kategori
Övergångsmetaller
Färg
Silver
Radioaktiv
Nej
The Latin word for silver is argentum
Kristallstruktur
Ytcentrerat kubiskt
Historia
Silver has been used for thousands of years for ornaments and utensils, for trade, and as the basis for many monetary systems.

Its value as a precious metal was long considered second only to gold.

Slag dumps in Asia Minor and on islands in the Aegean Sea indicate that man learned to separate silver from lead as early as 3000 BC.
Elektroner per skal
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
Elektronkonfiguration
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
Ag
In ancient Egypt and Medieval Europe, silver was often more valuable than gold
Fysikaliska Egenskaper
Aggregationstillstånd
Fast
Densitet
10,49 g/cm3
Smältpunkt
1234,93 K | 961,78 °C | 1763,2 °F
Kokpunkt
2435,15 K | 2162 °C | 3923,6 °F
Smältvärme
11,3 kJ/mol
Ångbildningsvärme
255 kJ/mol
Specifik värmekapacitet
0,235 J/g·K
Abundance in Earth's crust
7,9×10-6%
Abundance in Universe
6×10-8%
A
Bildkrediter: Wikimedia Commons (Alchemist-hp)
A pure silver crystal, synthetic electrolytic made with visible dendritic structures
CAS Number
7440-22-4
PubChem CID Number
23954
Atomära Egenskaper
Atomradie
144 pm
Kovalent radie
145 pm
Elektronegativitet
1,93 (Paulingskalan)
Jonisationspotential
7,5762 eV
Molvolym
10,3 cm3/mol
Värmeledningsförmåga
4,29 W/cm·K
Oxidationstillstånd
1, 2, 3
Användningsområden
Silver has long been valued as a precious metal, and is used as an investment, to make ornaments, jewelry, high-value tableware, utensils, and currency coins.

It is also used in electrical contacts and conductors, in mirrors and in catalysis of chemical reactions.

Its compounds are used in photographic film, and dilute silver nitrate solutions and other silver compounds are used as disinfectants and microbiocides
Silver is considered to be non-toxic
Isotoper
Stabila isotoper
107Ag, 109Ag
Instabila isotoper
93Ag, 94Ag, 95Ag, 96Ag, 97Ag, 98Ag, 99Ag, 100Ag, 101Ag, 102Ag, 103Ag, 104Ag, 105Ag, 106Ag, 108Ag, 110Ag, 111Ag, 112Ag, 113Ag, 114Ag, 115Ag, 116Ag, 117Ag, 118Ag, 119Ag, 120Ag, 121Ag, 122Ag, 123Ag, 124Ag, 125Ag, 126Ag, 127Ag, 128Ag, 129Ag, 130Ag