Vismut

83
Bi
Grupp
15
Period
6
Block
p
Protoner
Elektroner
Neutroner
83
83
126
Generella Egenskaper
Atomnummer
83
Atommassa
208,9804
Masstal
209
Kategori
Posttransitionsmetaller
Färg
Grå
Radioaktiv
Nej
From the German Weisse Masse, meaning white mass
Kristallstruktur
Bascentrerat monoklint
Historia
Bismuth has been known since ancient times, so no one person is credited with its discovery.

The element was confused in early times with tin and lead because of its resemblance to those elements.

In 1753, French chemist Claude François Geoffroy demonstrated that this metal is distinct from lead and tin.
Elektroner per skal
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Elektronkonfiguration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Bi
Bismuth has unusually high electrical resistance for a metal
Fysikaliska Egenskaper
Aggregationstillstånd
Fast
Densitet
9,78 g/cm3
Smältpunkt
544,65 K | 271,5 °C | 520,7 °F
Kokpunkt
1837,15 K | 1564 °C | 2847,2 °F
Smältvärme
10,9 kJ/mol
Ångbildningsvärme
160 kJ/mol
Specifik värmekapacitet
0,122 J/g·K
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,5×10-6%
Abundance in Universe
7×10-8%
Bismuth
Bildkrediter: Images-of-elements
Bismuth crystal with fancy oxide film
CAS Number
7440-69-9
PubChem CID Number
5359367
Atomära Egenskaper
Atomradie
156 pm
Kovalent radie
148 pm
Elektronegativitet
2,02 (Paulingskalan)
Jonisationspotential
7,2856 eV
Molvolym
21,3 cm3/mol
Värmeledningsförmåga
0,0797 W/cm·K
Oxidationstillstånd
-3, 3, 5
Användningsområden
Bismuth is used in producing malleable irons and is used as a catalyst for making acrylic fibers.

Bismuth oxychloride is used in cosmetics, as a pigment in paint for eye shadows, hair sprays and nail polishes.

It has also been used as a replacement for lead in shot, bullets and less-lethal riot gun ammunition.
Bismuth is considered to be non-toxic
Isotoper
Stabila isotoper
-
Instabila isotoper
184Bi, 185Bi, 186Bi, 187Bi, 188Bi, 189Bi, 190Bi, 191Bi, 192Bi, 193Bi, 194Bi, 195Bi, 196Bi, 197Bi, 198Bi, 199Bi, 200Bi, 201Bi, 202Bi, 203Bi, 204Bi, 205Bi, 206Bi, 207Bi, 208Bi, 209Bi, 210Bi, 211Bi, 212Bi, 213Bi, 214Bi, 215Bi, 216Bi, 217Bi, 218Bi